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In the framework of METREX, the Network of European Metropolitan Regions and Areas, the Metropolitan Governance Expert Group focuses on the metropolitan dimension contributing to the debate on the role of metropolitan areas in the European context. The group, coordinated by Lombardy Region and Emilia-Romagna Region, started to reason on territorial assets and needs, developing a reflection and an exchange of knowledge and good practices on the issue of Metropolitan Governance with emphasis on institutional cooperation, public-private cooperation, innovation and European funding. The final document will include the concrete experiences from the participant metropolitan areas, containing an analysis of the factors enabling/limiting the more advanced structure of metropolitan governance and consequent recommendations for policymakers.
European Metropolitan areas are facing new challenges such as the effects of globalization and economic crisis, increased competition between European and global cities, significant social change, national and local public finance crisis and technological innovations, climate change and urban regeneration. In this context, new institutional settings are emerging and new governance models are needed.
The Metropolitan Governance Group aims to address some of these emerging themes and start a discussion and an exchange of knowledge and best practice to achieve a concrete package of recommendations for policymakers. The group decided to reason on territorial systems in a multiscale background, developing a reflection and an exchange of good practices on the issue of Metropolitan Governance with emphasis on institutional cooperation, public-private cooperation, innovation and European funding.
The analysis of these elements and the exchange of participant experiences will culminate in the preparation of a document based on concrete experiences from the participant metropolitan areas, containing an analysis of the factors enabling/limiting the more advanced structure of metropolitan governance and consequent recommendation for policymakers.
The Baltic Space
The Expert Groups focuses on a macro-regional approach to the Baltic Space as part of a European network of cities and their metropolitan areas in order to gain a greater insight into the roles of each city-region forming part of the Baltic Space from both global and European perspectives. This includes gaining a better understanding of the long-term challenges and opportunities for those city-regions and to explore common strategies to improve regional competitiveness and achieve greater assimilation of the spatial planning process.
The process includes an overall mega-regional analysis based upon ESPON’s Vision 2050 for the EU, with ‘drivers of change’, key challenges, strengths and weaknesses, and Future Scenarios. The group aims to produce a report in 2018 which will focus on how to achieve a greater symmetry within the Baltic Space.
Urban-Rural relationships within Metropolitan Regions and Areas aims to contribute to the European territorial cohesion agenda. Therefore, these relationships have the attention of the European Parliament, Commission and the OECD. The METREX network holds a high level of expertise in this field. Within the URMA Expert Group, this expertise is exchanged and put into practice. The work of the URMA Expert Group has previously led to the INTERREG IVc URMA project and the follow-up INTERREG Europe project RUMORE.
The group is active, based on exchanging good practices, European policy information and lobbying in the field of urban rural relations, exploring new projects and developing an ongoing work program, which previously led to a publication. Developing new activities and connecting to the related Interreg projects URMA and RUMORE are current main topics. This will result in a new work program, which will lead to member demand driven outcomes, scheduled mid-2018.
The Nordic Network
The Network was set up to provide a more efficient collaboration between Nordic METEX city-regions and create a roundtable for discussion to enable each member to keep up to date with the changing circumstances in spatial planning at a more detailed level. This makes it easier to share information and compare with what is happening between neighbouring city-regions. Since its inception, our Baltic neighbours have joined in the discussions.
Key issues include Metropolitan Governance, polycentric process, urban sprawl, connectivity and public transport, managing the city-region structure, workplace and clusters, transnational perspectives, regional shopping, climate change initiatives and the environment.
Lavori in corso della nostra Sezione per METREX
La dimensione metropolitana e la focalizzazione sugli assetti e sui bisogni del territorio sono aspetti cruciali per una crescita sostenibile ed equilibrata in Europa.
Nel 2015, nella cornice della Conferenza internazionale della rete internazionale METREX che si è tenuta a Milano in occasione dell’EXPO, si è aperto un proficuo scambio tra regioni e città metropolitane italiane e tedesche, che è continuato attraverso visite e incontri informali.
Nel 2017, nel solco di questo dialogo, Regione Lombardia, in collaborazione con la Regione metropolitana di Amburgo, ha promosso e sostenuto questa iniziativa con l’obbiettivo di capitalizzare le esperienze e di contribuire al dibattito europeo sul ruolo delle aree metropolitane.
Le giornate di lavoro hanno consentito uno scambio approfondito e fruttuoso sui due modelli: il modello tedesco, sviluppato dal basso per libera aggregazione e sostenuto dal livello federale e il modello italiano, definito a livello legislativo, nelle diverse sfaccettature e declinazioni territoriali.
Il confronto ha toccato inoltre le prospettive del settimo rapporto di coesione, la futura politica territoriale dell’Unione Europea e l’esperienza acquisita dai partenariati esistenti nel quadro dell’agenda urbana per l’Europa.
Loveno di Menaggio (CO), 28-30 settembre 2017
Per la Sezione INU Piemonte e Valle d’Aosta, hanno partecipato Carolina Giaimo, con una relazione sul tema “Turin metropolitan area: green infrastructures as a tool for the new metropolitan spatial and strategic planning” e Gianfranco Fiora con un intervento sulla questione “Turin metropolitan area: current conditions, potential and innovative prospects” (clicca qui per saperne di più!).
Di seguito il primo report del workshop di respiro europeo che ha avuto come tema la governance delle aree metropolitane, nella bellissima cornice del Centro italo-tedesco di Villa Vigoni. Il report raccoglie alcuni contributi presentati durante le giornate di lavoro e rappresenta un utile strumento di comunicazione e di diffusione sui vostri territori.